Constitutions and Bylaws

Constitution

International Society of Criminology

Article 1

Name and seat

  1. The association shall be called the "International Society of Criminology", the name adopted at the time of its foundation in Rome in 1938. Its social seat shall be in Paris. Its duration is not limited.
  2. Hereinafter, the association is referred to as the Society.

Article 2

Aim

  1. The Society shall have at its aim to promote, at the International level, the scientific study of criminal phenomena, by bringing together scholars and practitioners of all disciplines interested in such study.
  2. The Society shall co-ordinate its activities with that of other international associations concerned with the prevention of crime and the counteraction of criminality.

Article 3

Means

The Society shall seek to attain its aim by:

  1. Congresses and publications;
  2. The establishment of an Institute designed to be an international centre of study, research and criminological documentation;
  3. All other means, such as the exchange of professors and students, the creation of scholarships and prizes, and the organization of lectures and courses, considered appropriate by the Society or its Board of Directors.

Article 4

Members

  1. Any person or association interested in the aim of the Society may acquire membership therein. The Society shall be composed of active, associate, student and honorary members. All active, associate and student members shall pay annual dues.
    1. Membership in the Society and the rights pertaining there to shall depend on the payment of annual dues. There shall be no entrance fee.
    2. The amount of the dues shall be fixed by the Board of Directors for each year. The dues of student members shall be reduced in comparison with those paid by active or associate members. Honorary members shall be free from dues.
    3. Active members alone shall have the right to vote and hold office.
  2. Active, associate, or student memberships may be acquired by associations or groups. In such case, each shall designate a delegate to represent it and exercise its constitutional rights. Such a delegate cannot hold office unless he is also an active member of the Society.
    1. A member who pays annual dues of 200 NF, shall be named a patron of the Society.
    2. An active member may become an active life member by the payment of a single sum of 350 NF.
    3. These amounts may be changed by a decision of the Board of Directors, if changes in monetary values make it necessary.1
  3. To be eligible for active membership, a person or association must be recommended by two active members of the Society, and be approved by the Board of Directors after an examination of his credentials.
  4. Any person or association interested in the study or practice of criminology may become an associate member of the Society upon demand and the payment of annual dues.
  5. Students in residence at universities or professional schools, as well as associations of student may become student members, if sponsored by a member of the Society, upon payment of the annual dues presented. Student memberships shall not be held longer than five years.
    1. Honorary membership may upon proposal by the Board of Directors, be conferred upon any person, for services rendered to criminology or to the Society, by a majority vote of the active members of the Society.
    2. Unless they are active members of the Society, honorary members shall not have the right to vote or to hold office. They shall have all other rights and privileges of members of the Society.
  6. Memberships may be cancelled by resignation or lost by the nonpayment of dues for two successive years in spite of reminders by the General Secretary, or by exclusion voted by the Board of Directors for reasons in regards as just and adequate; for instance, an attitude or activity which is incompatible with the ail and the spirit of the Society.
  7. In case an active member contests his exclusion, he shall have the right to present explanations and lodge an appeal with a Committee of Arbitration.

Article 5

Direction

    1. The Society shall establish a Board of Directors whose term of office shall begin on the 1st of January following their election. It shall be composed of twenty four members elected for five years by the General Assembly; they shall continue in office after five years from the date of their election until the next general Assembly is convened. Not more than 3 of the members elected by the General Assembly shall be from any one country. The Board shall have power to coopt maximum five additional members who shall have full voting power.
    2. The provision as to the maximum number of members from any one country need not apply to coopted members.
  1. The Board of Directors shall elect, from among its members, a President, four Vice-Presidents, a General Secretary, two Assistant General Secretaries and a Treasurer; the shall constitute the Executive Committee of the Board. They are elected from the same period as the members of the Board of Directors and are re-eligible. Only the General Secretary and the Treasurer may be from the same country. In so far as possible, the Vice-Presidents should come from different world regions.

Article 6

Elections

  1. All elections shall be by secret ballot.
  2. Elections by the Society of members of the Board of Directors shall be by mail in the manner provided in the by-laws.

Article 7

Administration and tasks

  1. The Board of Directors shall be responsible for the programme of the Society and the general administration of the Society's affairs. It shall convoke the ordinary and special meetings of the Society. It shall have power to fill vacancies due to death, resignation, or failure of election of a member of the Board, until the next regular election.
  2. One third of the total members of the Board is necessary to constitute a quorum at its meetings. Decisions shall be taken by simple majority vote of present members. Between meetings questions may be submitted to members for vote by correspondence. A simple majority of those votings is required for valid decisions but no decision shall be valid unless at least onethird of members have voted.
    1. The Board of Directors shall meet at the call of the President, or at the call of the General Secretary or an Assistant General Secretary with the approval of the President, or at the request of at least one-third of the members of the Board.
    2. An absent member may give a power of attorney to a present member. No present member shall, however, exercise the power of attorney for more than two absent
    3. Minutes shall be kept of all meetings. The minutes shall be entered in a special register and signed by the President and the General Secretary.
    4. The Board shall render an annual report to the Society on its activities.
    1. Duly accredited members of regional or national associations affiliated with the Society may attend the meetings of the Board of Directors as consultants.
    2. National delegates appointed by the Board shall have the same rights.
    1. Members of the Board of Directors shall receive no payment for their work. Their expenses may be reimbursed from the funds of the Society, if previously so decided by the Board.
    2. However, an honorarium may be provided for the General Secretary; in such case, its amount shall be fixed by the Board of Directors.
    1. The Executive Committee shall be responsible for the execution of the plan of action and the programme set up by the Society or the Board of Directors.
    2. The Excutive Committee shall submit regular reports to the Board of Directors for approval.
    1. The Society or the Board of Directors may establish committees necessary for the conduct of the Society's affairs.
    2. Such Committees shall include especially the Auditing Committee and the Arbitration Committee. Their designation and functions shall be regulated by by-laws.
  3. The Board of Directors shall be aided in its scientific work by a Scientific Committee of fifteen members elected by the Board and representing different criminological disciplines and the different world regions. The election procedure, the character and duration of its function, as well as the work of the Scientific Committee shall be regulated by by-laws.

Article 8

Meetings

  1. The Society shall gather in a General Assembly at least once in five years, at a place and time fixed by the Board of Directors. Special sessions may also be called at the request of at least fourth of the members of the Society.
  2. At each session, at least one business meeting shall be held, during which the Board of Directors shall render an account of its administration to the Society. Any business of the Society can be dealt with at this meeting.
  3. All decisions, except as otherwise provided in these statutes and by-laws shall be taken by a majority of active members, present and voting.

Article 9

Resources

  1. The resources of the Society shall be composed of:
    1. Dues of members;
    2. Subventions that it may receive;
    3. Income from property and investments of all kinds.
  2. The Society may solicit and receive subventions and grants aiding it to carry out the programme. No payments from such funds can be made without the authorization of the Board of Directors.

Article 10

Amendments

  1. The Constitution may be amended, after a preliminary discussion at the General Assembly, by affirmative vote of two-thirds of the members, voting by mail in a referendum submitted to all members of the Society having the right to vote.
  2. Amendments may be proposed by the Board of Directors, or, between the general sessions of the Society, by a petition signed by at least fifteen active members of the Society; or by the majority of present and voting members at a meeting of the General Assembly.

Article 11

Dissolution

  1. The Society may be dissolved by affirmative vote of the majority of its members having the right to vote. The question shall either be submitted, by mail, to such members, after a preliminary discussion at the General Assembly, or to business meeting of the Society attended by at least two-thirds of the members of the Society having the right to vote.
  2. In case the Society is to be dissolved, the board of Directors shall appoint a committee of three charged with the liquidation and shall determine what disposition shall be made of its assets. Such assets shall be given to an association or foundation having aims of the same character as that of the Society.

Article 12

Transitory Provisions

Persons who are members of the Society at the time of the adoption of these statutes will be considered as active members within the meaning of Art. 4 except that the Board of Directors shall determine the class of memberships to which they belong. In order to ensure administrative continuity between the elections, the Board of Directors shall remain in office until the New Board of Directors has been elected in conformity with the present statutes.
1In its meeting of January 5th 1967, the Board of Directors has decided that the amount to be paid to become an active life members should be equivalent to fifteen annual dues.

By Laws

International Society of Criminology

Article 1

Official languages

The official languages of the International Society for Criminology, hereinafter called 'The Society', shall be English, French and Spanish.

Article 2

Members, Rights and Dues

  1. The list of members shall be kept up-to-date by the General Secretary of the Society.
    1. The General Assembly shall elect ten active members, representing different countries and disciplines, not members of the Board of Directors, to constitute an arbitration Panel;
    2. In the case of a contested exclusion, the member concerned and the Board of Directors shall elect two members of the Panel to constitute a Committee of arbitration. If the member concerned fails to choose arbiters, the President of the Society shall select his two members by lot. The four members so designated shall elect one of their members as chairman. If they fail to do so by majority vote, the choice shall be made by lot;
    3. If the committee is evenly divided on the issue, the President of the Society shall cast the deciding vote. The ruling of the committee of arbitration shall be final.

Article 3

Election of the Board of Directors

  1. Before August 1st of the election year, the Executive Committee prepares a list of candidates the number of which shall be double that of the positions to be filled and shall not exceed three per country. The persons must represent the different disciplines within the Society.
    1. In addition, to the list thus established, the Executive Committee shall add the names of the candidates whose applications for candidature have reached it before August 1st, supported at least, by twenty (20) signatures and which it has not thought fit to take into account.
    2. To each membership of the Society having a right to vote, the Secretary General shall send a ballot on which appear the names of the candidates selected according to the provisions of article 3-1 and 2-a above.
    1. There is also a space on the ballot in which the members may write the names of candidates they wish to propose for the vacant positions. The ballots shall be sent by ordinary mail to members who have the right to vote and no later than September first of the election year.
    2. Votes must, to be valid, reach the General Secretary before the date given on the ballot. This date shall not be fixed at less than sixty (60) days from the day the ballot was sent to the members. In order to protect the anonymity of the votes, each member voting shall place his ballot in an unidentifiable envelope, which shall, in turn, be sent to the General Secretary in a second envelope carrying the signature of the member.
    1. The persons receiving the largest numbers of valid votes shall be considered elected. The counting of the votes shall be done publicly by the General Secretary, assisted by two Tellers named by the Executive Committee.
    2. In case of a tie vote for the last position to be filled, the General Secretary shall, in the presence of the Tellers decide by lot which candidate is elected.
    3. A report of the operation of counting the votes and of the results shall be prepared and signed by the General Secretary and the Tellers.
    4. In case of the death resignation or inability to serve of any person elected prior to beginning of his term of office, the candidate shall be declared elected, taking into account the fact, however that no more than three members of the Board may be from the same country.
  2. The chairman shall transmit all correspondence and documents to the General Secretary, who shall conserve them, as well as the ballots, for a period of at least 5 (five) years.
  3. The results of the election shall be published and made available to the members through notices sent to them or publishes in scientific journals.

Article 4

Mail votes in general

  1. Outside of elections, voting by correspondence shall be regulated by decisions taken by the Board of Directors of the Executive Committee in a manner regarded as most practical and expedient.
    1. The General Secretary shall record the results of all voting by the Society in the register of official acts and minutes.
    2. Original forms and documents shall be placed in the archives and conserved for at least five (5) years.

Article 5

The Executive Committee and its functions

    1. Elections to the Executive Committee shall be by absolute majority, on the two ballots and by simple majority on the third.
    2. Members of the Executive Committee shall take office immediately upon election.
    1. The President shall prepare and preside over the meetings of the Executive Committee, the Board of Directors and the General Assembly of the Society. He may participate ex officio, with all the rights of other members of the Committee, in the work of all committees appointed by the Board of Directors or the Society, exept a Committee of arbitration. He shall watch over the general good operation of the Society and the execution of decisions taken.
    2. If the President is absent, his powers shall devolve upon of the Vice-Presidents. In case of death or resignation, the Vice-President who received the largest number of votes shall succeed to his functions until the next meeting of the Board of Directors.
    1. The General Assembly shall, at least twice annually, regularly present a written report to the Board of Directors on his activities and those of the Society in general.
    2. The General Secretary shall organize and direct the Secretariat, prepare work of the Board of Directors, and the Executive Committee, and shall be, unless other directives are given, charged with the execution of the decisions of these organs, in liaison with the President or by his authority.
    3. He shall act as General Secretary of the General Assembly.
    4. He shall keep minutes of the deliberation and decisions of the Board of Directors, the Executive Committee and the General Assembly, and shall be responsible for the publications of the administrative Bulletin of the Society.
    5. He shall keep and be responsible for the archives of the Society.
    6. If he is absent or incapacited, his functions, in conformity with his instructions, shall be exercised by one of the Assistant General Secretaries. The latter may be charged with certain specific tasks, taking account especially of language problems or geographic requirements.
    1. The treasurer shall prepare the annual budget and keep the accounts of the Society. He shall make no expenditures without the authorization of the President of the General Secretary. He shall present an annual report of his work of the Board of Directors.
    2. The accounts of the Society shall be audited annually by an auditing committee of three appointed by the Board of Directors. The auditing committee shall present a written report of the Board of Directors.
    1. The Executive Committee shall meet at the call of the President or on the written request of three of its members. Five members shall constitute the quorum necessary for valid discussions and decisions. All decisions shall be taken by a majority of present members.
    2. When the Executive Committee is not in session, questions may be submitted to a mail vote by its members. Those who do not reply within the date shall be considered as having voted affirmately. Decisions shall be taken by simple majority of members.

Article 6

The Scientific Committee

    1. The members of the Scientific Committee shall be elected by secret ballot by the Board of Directors, consideration being given to their scientific qualifications and credentials; candidates shall be presented by the President and the General Secretary.
    2. The Committee shall have a broad international and interdisciplinary character. The Board of Directors shall take care that different branches of criminology and the different regions of the world are equitably represented on the Committee.
    3. At least two-thirds of the members of the Scientific Committee shall be chosen outside the Board of Directors.
    4. The members of the Scientific Committee shall be elected for five (5) years periods and shall be re-eligible.
    5. The Committee shall elect its own chairman, for the same period and with the possibility of re-election.
    6. The General Secretary shall be Secretary of the Committee.
  1. The Scientific Committee shall especially have as its tasks:
    1. To prepare and maintain the programme and plan of work of the Society;
    2. To prepare the programme of the scientific congresses and present suggestions for the appointment of general reporters;
    3. To select qualified persons, among its own members or among the members of the Society, for carrying out scientific work, enquiries, reports or consultations requested of the Society and especially by the General Secretariat, the Social Defense Section of the United Nations Organization or any other organization, institution or association;
    4. To study the problem of the publication of an international Review of Criminology and of a Dictionary of Criminology, and decide on their programme.
    5. To study the problem of the creation of an International Institute of Criminology, as decides by the Second International Congress of Criminology, as well as the problem of international instruction, criminological courses and lectures in institutes found in different countries, and to watch over their coordination and the preparation of a total plan.
    1. The proposals and advice of the Scientific Committee shall be submitted to the Board of Directors, which makes all effective decisions, generally speaking.
    2. The Scientific Committee shall present an annual report on its work to the Board of Directors.

Article 7

General Assemblies and Congresses

  1. The agenda of the business meetings of the General Assembly shall be prepared by the Executive Committee, which may call on all necessary assistance. Date and place shall be determined by the Board of Directors, which shall call the meeting.
    1. The date, the place, the programme and the Regulations of each congress shall be fixed by the Board of Directors after a report by the Executive Committee, which shall generally direct the organization of the congress in cooperation with the local Committee on organization.
    2. The Board of Directors shall designate the general rapporteurs of the congress and shall give general directives to the local committee on organization, which shall be responsible for the carrying out of these directives and for the detailed regulation of their execution.
    3. The officers of the Congress shall be nominated by the local Committee In consultation with the Board of Director and shall be elected by the congress.
    4. The official languages of the congress shall be English, French and Spanish and the official language of the country in which the congress is being held, when the latter is not one of the former.
    5. The Publication of the Proceedings of the Congress shall be assured by the local committee of organization, under the control and in agreement with the present President and General Secretary of the Society.

Article 8

Bulletin

  1. The Society shall regularly publish, if possible semi-annually and at least once a year, an administrative bulletin for the information of its members, in the three official languages of the Society.
  2. The Bulletin shall contain, briefly, essential information on questions of the organization and administration, programme, activity and principal actions of interest to the Society. It shall especially, give information on the designation and memberships of the scientific and directive organs of the Society; the conclusions of the reports of the Executive Committee, the General Secretary and the Treasurer; the agenda adopted for General Assemblies and the Congresses; and, all other matters deemed suitable by the President and the General Secretary.

Article 9

Affiliated organizations

  1. With the approval of the Board of Directors, national or regional associations interested in criminology may acquire affiliation with the Society, on demand accompanied with credentials
  2. Each affiliated organization shall have the right to delegate one of its active members to participate in the meetings of the Board of Directors in a consultative capacity.

Article 10

Amendments

    1. These by-laws may be amended after an uniform proposal by at least ten (10° active members of the Society. Any member may present suggestions, with a view to amendment, to the Board of Directors.
    2. To be valid, a proposed amendment shall be adopted by the majority of present and voting members at a business meeting of the General Assembly. However, no action shall be taken unless the amendment has been introduced and read at a prior meeting or previously published in the administrative bulletin of the Society.
  1. The Board of Directors, with approval of two-thirds of its members, may also submit proposed amendments to a mail vote by members of the Society having the right to vote. Such amendments shall be considered adopted by affirmative vote of simple majority of members voting.
  2. Special rules, complementing those by-laws, may be adopted by the board of Directors, especially with respect to the future work of the Scientific Committee or the International Institute of Criminology.

International Society of Criminology

Rules of procedure of the Scientific Commission and of the International Institute

The Board of Directors of the International Society for Criminology, Considering the recommendation made by the Scientific Commission; Considering that the Articles of the International Institute of Criminology adopted by the General Assembly held in London on the 18th of September 1955, have been considered, by decision of the Board of the 5th and 6th January 1957, as special Rules of the Society; Considering article 10.3 of the General Rules of the Society; Lays down the present special Rules concerning the Scientific Committee and the International Institute,

ARTICLE 1 — The International Institute is an institution of the International Society for Criminology whose aim it is to contribute to the development of scientific research and teaching in the fields of criminology. The Scientific Committee fulfills the functions of the Board of Director of the International Institute.

ARTICLE 2 — The Scientific Committee is in particular entrusted with the task of carrying out directly, on behalf of the International Institute, the following functions:

  1. General coordination of research and educational programmes carried out by the international centers of criminology having special agreements with it;
  2. Publication of the International Annals of Criminology;
  3. Organization of International Courses.

It sets up, if necessary and among its members, sub-committees for carrying out these functions.

ARTICLE 3 — The Scientific Committee prepares and supervises the application of Conventions relating to the organization and operation of the International Centers of Criminology. These conventions shall preferably be entered upon with organizations liable, through their geographical position and their cultural status, to constitute links between various countries.

ARTICLE 4 — The operational set-up of an International Center, established by such a convention, is defined in terms of the common interest of both parties: the International Institute making its contribution on a world-wide basis the organization concerned contributing its local facilities; the technical and financial operation of the Center us the responsibility of the Organization concerned, in accordance with the conditions laid down by the Convention.

A Board of the Center, consisting of an equal number of representatives of the Scientific Commission and of the Organization concerned and possibly of co-opted members, defines and supervises its scientific programme and its financial and administrative management. It appoints the Director of the Center who is responsible to it. The Center operates as a specialized and autonomous section from the legal, administrative and financial points of view of the International Institute.

ARTICLE 5 — The Scientific Committee is responsible for the enforcement of the present Rules.

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